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Developing Countries Initiatives

PNAS provides free and immediate online access to PNAS content in the developing world. By doing so, we are helping build the scientific capacity in low-income areas of the world. PNAS is committed to providing broad access to current scientific research across many fields and to fostering globalization of research tools and advances. PNAS content is currently free in the following countries:

Afghanistan
Albania
Algeria
Angola
Antigua and Barbuda
Armenia
Bangladesh
Belize
Benin
Bhutan
Bolivia
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Botswana
Burkina Faso
Burundi
Cabo Verde
Cambodia
Cameroon
Central African Republic
Chad
Comoros
Congo, Republic
Congo, Democratic
??Republic
Cook Islands
Cote D'Ivoire
Djibouti
Dominica
Egypt
El Salvador
Equatorial Guinea
Eritrea
Ethiopia
Fiji
Gabon
Gambia
Georgia
Ghana
Grenada
Guatemala
Guinea
Guinea-Bissau
Guyana
Haiti
Honduras
Indonesia
Iraq
Jamaica
Jordan
Kenya
Kiribati
Kosovo
Kyrgyzstan
Lao PDR
Lesotho
Liberia
Libya
Macedonia
Madagascar
Malawi
Maldives
Mali
Marshall Islands
Mauritania
Mauritius
Micronesia
Moldova, Republic
Mongolia
Montenegro
Morocco
Mozambique
Myanmar
Namibia
Nauru
Nepal
Nicaragua
Niger
Nigeria
Niue
Pakistan
Palau
Papua New Guinea
Paraguay
Philippines
Rwanda
Saint Helena
Saint Kitts and Nevis
Saint Lucia
Saint Vincent and
??the Grenadines
Samoa
Sao Tome and Principe
Senegal
Serbia
Seychelles
Sierra Leone
Solomon Islands
Somalia
South Sudan
Sri Lanka
Sudan
Suriname
Swaziland
Syrian Arab Republic
Tajikistan
Tanzania, United Republic
Timor-Leste
Togo
Tokelau
Tonga
Tunisia
Tuvalu
Uganda
Ukraine
Uzbekistan
Vanuatu
Vietnam
West Bank and Gaza
Yemen
Zambia
Zimbabwe


To further our commitment to the dissemination of scientific content, PNAS also participates in the following initiatives:

Research for Life
Research for Life

Research4Life is comprised of four programs: Hinari, AGORA, OARE and ARDI and provides free or low cost online access to academic and professional peer-reviewed content in the developing world.


HINARI

Hinari, set up by the World Health Organization together with major publishers, enables developing countries to gain access to one of the world's largest collections of biomedical and health literature. 180 publisher partners are offering more than 60,000 information resources in Hinari benefiting many thousands of health workers and researchers, and in turn, contributing to improve world health.


AGORA

AGORA, set up by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the UN (FAO) together with major publishers, enables developing countries to gain access to an outstanding digital library collection in the fields of food, agriculture, environmental science, and related social sciences. AGORA provides a collection of up to 6,100 key journals and 5,800 books to 2,900 institutions in more than 100 countries. AGORA is designed to enhance the scholarship of the many thousands of students, faculty, and researchers in agriculture and life sciences in the developing world.


OARE

OARE, an international public-private consortium coordinated by the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), Yale University, and leading science and technology publishers, enables developing countries to gain access to one of the world's largest collections of environmental science research. Up to 5,710 peer reviewed journals and 1,119 online books, and other information resources are available to environmental institutions in more than 100 countries benefitting many thousands of environment researchers, practitioners, policy makers, educators, and students.


OARE

The Access to Research for Development and Innovation (ARDI) program is coordinated by WIPO together with its partners in the publishing industry with the aim to increase the availability of scientific and technical information in developing countries. Currently, 31 publishers provide access to around 28,000 journals, books, and reference works for 117 developing countries and territories through ARDI.


EIFL

EIFL works in collaboration with libraries in more than 45 developing and transition countries in Africa, Asia, and Europe, to enable access to knowledge for education, learning, research, and sustainable community development. EIFL is an international not-for-profit organization based in Europe with a global network of partners that runs a wide range of programs and events designed to increase access to knowledge.


eDJS

The electronic Journals Delivery Service (eJDS) is a tool that allows scientists who live and work in least developed or low-income countries to access current scientific literature, mainly in the fields of physics and mathematics.


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